Today's furniture was manufactured during the 19th century after most of the original furnishings were lost during the French Revolution. Kosa Pan presents King Narai's letter to Louis XIV at Versailles, Embassy of Mehemet Raza-Bey, ambassador of the Shah of Persia, 19 February 1715, "Palace of Versailles | palace, Versailles, France", "Palace of Versailles - The Hall of Mirrors", "Restoration of the Hall of Mirrors gets under way", "The Hall of Mirrors at The Palace of Versailles", "Proclamation of the German Empire, 1871", "1919 - XXth century - Over the centuries - Versailles 3d", Fullscreen interactive panoramic image of Hall of Mirrors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hall_of_Mirrors&oldid=992324576, Buildings and structures completed in 1682, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 17:51. [19] A few decades later French Prime Minister Clemenceau consciously chose the Hall of Mirrors as the site to sign the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919, that officially ended World War I, to dismantle the German Empire in the room where it had been proclaimed.[20][21][22]. The grandiose ensemble of the Hall and its adjoining salons was intended to illustrate the power of the absolutist monarch Louis XIV. 11/25/20. (previous page) () The Hall of Mirrors is one of the most famous rooms in the Palace of Versailles in France. His son Louis XIV declared the site his future permanent residence in 1661 and ordered the transformation into an extensive residence in several stages and on a grandiose scale. The terrace originally stood between the King’s Apartments to the north and the Queen’s to the south, but was awkward and above all exposed to bad weather, and it was not long before the decision was made to demolish it. Much of the original solid silver furniture of the Hall of Mirrors, famous at the time, was soon lost, particularly the silver Guéridons (tables), which were melted down and coined by order of Louis XIV in 1689 to finance the War of the League of Augsburg. [13][14], Capture of the city and citadel of Gand in six days, 1678, Order restored in the Kingdom's finances, 1662. The manufacture of the mirror surfaces was the first major order for the Manufacture royale de glaces de miroirs, a glass factory founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, the later Compagnie de Saint-Gobain, with which the Venetian monopoly on the manufacture of mirrors in Europe was broken.[11][12]. By 2024, the Great Stables at the Palace of Versailles will be home to a campus of excellence dedicated to arts & crafts and heritage. The square windows on the upper floor, which can be seen from the outside, only serve aesthetic purposes, as there are no rooms inside. After he became King in 1610, Louis XIII returned to the village, bought some land, and in 1623-24 built a modest two-story hunting lodge on the site of the current mar… Out of the 700 rooms inside the Palace of Versailles, the Hall of Mirrors is the grandest of them all! During the reign of Louis XV, every Sunday Marie Leszczyńska gave concerts of religious or secular music, which played an important role in musical life in Versailles and which were continued by Marie-Antoinette during the subsequent reign. In 1685 t… Versailles Palace and Gardens Tour by Train from Paris with Skip-the-Line (From $102.14) Golden Versailles Palace and Garden Tour (From $112.61) Day Bike Tour of Versailles from Paris (From $121.98) Small Group Versailles Palace, Gardens & Fountains, Hamlet, Day Trip Guided Tour (From $313.04) See all The Hall of Mirrors experiences on Tripadvisor [9][10], The Mirror Hall's 17 windows open in the direction of the park. When required, the partition separating the room from the Hall of Mirrors was removed and the room formed part of the King's State Apartment. Rarely has the show of power reached such a level of ostentation. At the top of this masterpiece by Coysevox are two sculptures of Pheme, and two captives in chains huddle beneath it. Its central location and size predestined the Hall of Mirrors as a place for court festivities such as the wedding of the Duke of Burgundy with Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, the wedding of Louis Ferdinand and Maria Theresa of Spain in 1645 and the wedding of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette in 1770. Take part in the history of the palace of Versailles by supporting a project that suits you: adopt a linden tree, contribute to the missions of the Palace or participate in the refurnishing of the royal apartments. The Hall of Mirrors, in the Palace of Versailles, is absolutely stunning. The most celebrated event of the 18th century on 25 February 1745 was the celebrated Yew Tree Ball. This article is about the Palace of Versailles visit with skip the line tickets. At the time, much of the land around Versailles was uncultivated, allowing wild animals to flourish.The chateau Louis XIII built was little more than a hunting lodge having enough space to house the king and a small entourage. The walls are covered with marble panels decorated with six trophies and weapons in gilded bronze. Jun 28, 2019 - Explore Vishmi Jayasooriya's board "Versailles hall of mirrors" on Pinterest. Mirror glass was an expensive luxury product in the 17th century and could only be produced with great effort. The exterior walls of the Salons date from the time of Le Vau's encasings of the old château and were given their current appearance after the installation of the Mirror Hall by Hardouin-Mansart. The most prestigious scenes were painted on strengthened canvas and glued to the vault by Le Brun himself, aged 60 at the start of the work. On the other hand, the mirrors also conveyed the king's wealth and the efficiency of the French economy in a subtle way. The buildings of the “Le Vau Envelope” included the king's apartments in the north and the queen's apartments in the south. [6][7], The Hall of Mirrors is—besides the Palace Chapel, completed in the early 18th century, the Court Opera and the Galerie des Batailles—one of the largest rooms in the palace. The palace was to provide ideal settings for rest and retreat but it also had to attain a new quality of representation as the future seat of Europe's greatest absolutist royal court and government of supreme authority, residence of choice for the aristocratic society and arena for elaborate state festivals and ceremonies, Europe's centre of culture, art and entertainment. The terrace originally stood between the King’s Apartments to the north and the Queen’s to the south, but was awkward and above all exposed to bad weather, and it was not long before the decision was made to demolish it. Embassies, births, and marriages were held in this room. Follow the live of the restoration of this architectural masterpiece. Palacefrom 9:00 am to 5:30 pmclosed on Mondays, Estate of Trianonfrom 12:00 pm to 5:30 pmclosed on Mondays, Coach Galleryfrom 12:30 pm to 5:30 pmclosed on Mondays, + 33 1 30 83 78 00price of a call to France, Musical Fountains Shows and Musical Gardens, The Hall of Mirrors, the Peace Room and the War Room, The Dauphin and the Dauphine’s apartments, Research centre of the Palace of Versailles. The gallery extends more than 230 feet (70 metres) and is characterized by 17 wide arcaded mirrors opposite 17 windows that overlook the gardens below. Virtual tour of the Hall of Mirors at The Palace of Versailles in 3D. The Siamese Embassy. The reason for all the mirrors … In 1685 the Doge of Genoa and the ambassadors of Siam (1686), Persia (1715) and the Ottoman Empire (1742) crossed the full length of the gallery, under the scutiny of the French Court seated to either side on tiered seating, before they reached the king. The decoration, completed by Le Brun in 1686, pays tribute to the military victories which led to the peace treaties of Nijmegen. Economic prosperity is revealed in the number and size of the 357 mirrors bedecking the 17 arches opposite the windows, demonstrating that the new French manufacture could rival the Venetian monopoly on mirror manufacturing. The Hall of Mirrors is the symbol of the great French palace, a long and bright room which welcomes in the sun from one side, disperses it to all corners from another, and holds the twinkling light of magnificent chandeliers from its ceiling. The room is… The painting The King Governs Himself highlights the claim to absolute power. Located on the ground floor of the palace's central body, it faces west towards the Palace Gardensfor a complete perspective. It has 17 massive mirrored arches opposite 17 windows. Foreign audiences were granted, including that of the Doge of Genoa in 1685 and the embassy of King Mahmud I of Turkey in 1742. The app includes the audioguide tour of the Palace and an interactive map of the Estate. The terrace was considered to be a rather misplaced architectural element and exposed to the elements, reducing its utility. The Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles was built to replace the large terrace at the front of the palace, which connected the King’s apartments to the apartments of the Queen. Jeanne-Antoinette, who became Louis XV's mistress, is better known to history as the Marquise de Pompadour. 3D model the Hall of Mirors at The Palace of Versailles. Political successes are illustrated through the 30 painted compositions on the vaulted ceiling by Le Brun, which depict the glorious history of Louis XIV during the first 18 years of his reign, from 1661 to the peace treaties of Nijmegen. Media related to Hall of Mirrors (Palace of Versailles) at Wikimedia Commons The terrace was originally situated directly outside of the King's and the Queen’s apartments. The fourth arch depicts Bellona, the goddess of war, in a rage of fury between Rebellion and Contention. The design incorporates the national emblems, with a fleur-de-lis topped by a royal sun between two Gallic roosters (the Latin word for rooster was gallus). On the opposite inside wall of the Hall are 17 equally large mirrors, that are composed of more than 350 individual mirror surfaces. [8] With its height of 12.30 m (40.4 ft) it reaches to the Attic floor of the Corps de Logis. Each one of the arches further contains 21 mirrors – that is 357 in total. The Hall of Mirrors remains reserved for official ceremonies of the French Republic. 73 metres long and 10.50 metres high, the king walked along it every day to get to the Queen's Apartments and the Royal Chapel. France cleans up Versailles "Hall of Mirrors" in Versailles, France on June 25, 2007 - The Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles. Hardouin Mansart started building the War Room in 1678. 1680 by Charles Le Brun, (1619–1690). It offers a peek inside the Versailles Palace – things to know, the musts – as well as some tips for skipping the lines and avoid the biggest crowds when you visit the Palace of Versailles. It was his successor, Louis XIV (1638-1… The grandiose ensemble of the Hall and its adjoining salons was intended to illustrate the power of the absolutist monarch Louis XIV. The gilded bronze trophies, that adorn the green marble Pier glasses, were manufactured by goldsmith Pierre Ladoyreau. In February 1715, Louis XIV held his last embassy in the Hall when he received Mehemet Reza Bey, ambassador of the Shah of Persia. Visit the Palace of Versailles. After it was constructed, the Hall of Mirror at Palace of Versailles was used for More than forty years after its last major restoration, the Royal Chapel is requiring an urgent intervention on the roof timbers, the roof and decorative lead work, the statues and the window frames and stained glass. The marble and porphyry busts of eight Roman emperors are accompanied by sculptures of Greek and Roman deities and Muses, such as Bacchus, Venus (Venus of Arles), Modesty, Hermes, Urania, Nemesis and Diana (Diana of Versailles). It was used for ceremonies on rare occasions, for example when sovereigns wanted an extra dash of lavishness for entertainment (balls or games) held for royal weddings or diplomatic receptions. It is emblematic of the wealth at Versailles. His son, the future Louis XIII, came on his own hunting trip there in 1607. In the successive reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI, the Hall of Mirrors continued to serve for family and court functions. [1][2] The Hall of Mirrors has been the scene of events of great historic significance, including the Proclamation of the German Empire and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. [3], The Hall of Mirrors was built during the third building stage between 1678 and 1684 and was to replace the large terrace, that opened towards the garden. Information.. This ticket gives access to the whole Estate and guarantees access to the Palace within half an hour of the selected time. The architect was Jules Hardouin-Mansart and work commenced in 1678 and took 6 years to complete. The Hall of Mirrors is also famous for being the site where several important historical events have taken place, one of them being the Proclamation of the German Empire in 1871, after the German states had defeated France in the Franco-Prussian War, and another the signing of the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I, in 1919. The Mirror Gallery connects to the two Salons, which were assigned to and incorporated into the king's apartments in the north and the queen's apartments in the south. Her shield is decorated with a portrait of Louis XIV. It is called the hall of mirrors because of the 357 mirrors which lined 17 arches places opposite the windows. At the time such items were a great luxury. Since then, presidents of the Republic have continued to receive official guests here. The Hall of Mirrors has seen emperors proclai… Artwork Piece Hall of Mirrors- Palace of Versailles. Hall of Mirrors is the best room in Palace of Versailles. … During the latter events, the throne was placed on a platform at the end of the hall near the Peace Room, whose arch was closed off. Nine large and numerous smaller ceiling paintings are dedicated to the idolization of the Sun King and praise the successes of the first 20 years of his reign. The Hall and the two Salons were identically furnished and decorated and form a stylistic and functional unit. Thanks to the partnership between the Palace of Versailles and Google Arts & Culture, you can now visit the Palace of Versailles using virtual reality. This ticket gives you access to the Palace, temporary exhibitions, the Gardens (except on Musical Fountain Sows or Musical Gardens days) and the Park. Mansart and Le Brun designed and built the Hall between 1678 and 1684. Le Vau’s successor, Jules Hardouin-Mansart, produced a more suitable design that replaced the terrace with a large gallery. 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